Baron, J., D.S. Ojima, E.A. Holland, and W.J. Parton. 1994. Analysis of nitrogen saturation potential in Rocky Mountain tundra and forest: implications for aquatic systems. Biogeochemistry 27:61-82. 698
Bradley, R.I., and T.R. Mayr. Modelling soil organic matter change in English and Welsh soils using the CENTURY model. (In prep)
Bromberg, J.G., R. McKeown, L. Knapp, T.G.F. Kittel, D.S. Ojima, and D.S. Schimel. 1996. Integrating GIS and the CENTURY model to manage and analyze data. Pages 429-431 in GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues.
Burke, I.C., D.S. Schimel, C.M. Yonker, W.J. Parton, L.A. Joyce, and W.K. Lauenroth. 1990. Regional modeling of grassland biogeochemistry using GIS. Landscape Ecology 4 :45-54. 573
Burke, I.C., T.G.F. Kittel, W.K. Lauenroth, P. Snook, C.M. Yonker, and W.J. Parton. 1991. Regional analysis of the Central Great Plains: sensitivity to climate variability. Bioscience 41:685-692. 628
Burke, I.C., W.K. Lauenroth, W.J. Parton, and C.V. Cole. 1994. Interactions of landuse and ecosystem structure and function: a case study in the Central Great Plains. Pages 79-95 in G.E. Likens and P.M. Groffman, editors. Integrated regional models: interactions between humans and their environment. Chapman and Hall, New York, New York, USA.
Carter, M.R., W.J. Parton, I.C. Rowland, J.E. Schultz, and G.R. Steed. 1993. Simulation of soil organic carbon and nitrogen changes in cereal and pasture systems of Southern Australia. Australian Journal of Soil Research 31:481-491. 662
Cole, C.V., I.C. Burke, W.J. Parton, D.S. Schimel, D.S. Ojima, and J.W.B. Stewart. 1988. Analysis of historical changes in soil fertility and organic matter levels of the North American Great Plains. Pages 436-438 in Challenges in dryland agriculture - a global perspective. Proceedings of the International Conference on Dryland Farming, Amarillo/Bushland, Texas, USA. 570
Cole, C.V., J.W.B. Stewart, D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton and D.S. Schimel. 1989. Modelling land use effects of soil organic matter dynamics in the North American Great Plains. Pages 89-98 in M. Clarholm and L. Bergström, editors. Ecology of arable land. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands. 554
Cole, C.V., K. Paustian, E.T. Elliott, A.K. Metherell, D.S. Ojima, and W.J. Parton. 1993. Analysis of agroecosystem carbon pools. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 70 :357-371. 660
Gijsman, A.J., A. Oberson, H. Tiessen, and D.K. Friesen. 1996. Agronomic Models: limited applicability of the CENTURY model to highly weathered tropical soils. Agronomy Journal 88 :894-903.
Gilmanov, T.G., W.J. Parton, and D.S. Ojima. Testing the CENTURY ecosystem level model on data sets from eight grassland sites in the former USSR representing wide climatic/soil gradient. Ecological Modelling (submitted).
Hall, D.O., D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, and J.M.O. Scurlock. 1995. Response of temperate and tropical grasslands to CO2 and climate change. Journal of Biogeography 22 :537-547.
Hall, D.O., J.M.O. Scurlock, D.S. Ojima, and W.J. Parton. Grasslands and the global carbon cycle: modelling the effects of climate change. In The carbon cycle - Proceedings of the 1993 Global Change Institute on System Modelling, Snowmass, CO, September 1993. OIES (in press).
Holland, E.A., W.J. Parton, J.K. Detling, and D.L. Coppock. 1992. Physiological responses of plant populations to herbivory and their consequences for ecosystem nutrient flow. American Naturalist 140 :685-706. 647
Howard, P.J.A., P.J. Loveland, R.I. Bradley, F.T. Dry, D.M. Howard, and D.C. Howard. 1995. The carbon content of soil and its geographical distribution in Great Britain. Soil Use and Management 11 :9-15.
Huang, Z.L., R.H. Kelly, and W.J. Parton. Management effects on production and nutrient dynamics of Dingushan Forest subtropical China: modeling-based assessment of land use alternatives. Biotropica (submitted).
Ihori, T. I.C. Burke, W.K. Lauenroth, and D.P. Coffin. 1995. Effects of cultivation and abandonment on soil organic matter in Northeastern Colorado. Soil Science Society of America Journal 59 :1112-1119.
Keating, B.A., I. Vallis, W.J. Parton, V.R. Catchpoole, R.C. Muchow, and M.J. Robertson. 1994. Modelling and its application to nitrogen management and research for sugarcane. Pages 131-142 in Proceedings of Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists. 707
Kelly, R.H., I.C. Burke, and W.K. Lauenroth. 1996. Soil organic matter and nutrient availability responses to reduced plant inputs in shortgrass steppe. Ecology 77 :2516-2527.
Kelly, R.H., W.J. Parton, G.J. Crocker, P.R. Grace, J. Klír, M. Körschens, P.R. Poulton, and D.D. Richter. 1997. Simulating trends in soil organic carbon in long-term experiments using the Century model. Geoderma 1258 (in press).
Kelly, R.H., W.J. Parton, M.D. Hartman, L.K. Stretch, D.S. Schimel, and D.S. Ojima. Intra- and interannual variability of ecosystem processes in shortgrass steppe: new model, verification, simulations. Global Change Biology (in review).
Kittel, T.G.F., D.S. Ojima, D.S. Schimel, J.G. Bromberg, F. Giorgi, and W.J. Parton. Vulnerability of United States ecosystems to potential climate change. NCGIA Second International Conference/Workshop on Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling. 26-30 Sept 1993 Breckenridge, CO (submitted).
Kittel, T.G.F., E.R. Hunt, Jr., D.S. Ojima, S.W. Running, B.H. Braswell, Jr., R.P. Neilson, D.S. Schimel, A.D. McGuire, F. Giorgi, and W.J. Parton. Uncertainty in the ecological response to climate change: intercomparison of models. Global and Planetary Change MECCA Special Issue (in press).
Kittel, T.G.F., D.S. Ojima, D.S. Schimel, R. McKeown, J.G. Bromberg, T.H. Painter, N.A. Rosenbloom, W.J. Parton, and F. Giorgi. 1996. Model GIS integration and data set development to assess terrestrial ecosystem vulnerability to climate change. Pages 293-297 in GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues.
Lauenroth, W.K., D.L. Urban, D.P. Coffin, W.J. Parton, H.H. Shugart, T.B. Kirchner, and T.M. Smith. 1993. Modeling vegetation structure-ecosystem process interactions across sites and ecosystems. Ecological Modelling 67 :49-80. 656
Lyon, D., C.A. Monz, R. Brown, and A.K. Metherell. Soil organic matter changes over two decades of winter wheat-fallow cropping in western Nebraska. In E.A. Paul and C.V. Cole, editors. Soil organic matter in temperate agricultural ecosystems: a site network approach. Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, Michigan, USA.
Metherell, A.K. 1992. Simulation of soil organic matter dynamics and nutrient cycling in agroecosystems. Dissertation. Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
Metherell, A.K., C.V. Cole, and W.J. Parton. 1993. Dynamics and interactions of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur cycling in grazed pastures. Pages 1420-1421 in Proceedings of the XVII International Grassland Congress.
Metherell, A.K., L.A. Harding, C.V. Cole, and W.J. Parton. 1993. CENTURY Soil organic matter model environment. Technical documentation. Agroecosystem version 4.0. Great Plains System Research Unit Technical Report No. 4. USDA-ARS, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
Metherell, A.K., C.A. Cambardella, W.J. Parton, G.A. Peterson, L.A. Harding, and C.V. Cole. 1995. Simulation of soil organic matter dynamics in dryland wheat-fallow cropping systems. Pages 259-270 in R. Lal, J. Kimball, E. Levine, and B.A. Stewart, editors. Soil management and greenhouse effect. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, USA.
Motavalli, P.P., C.A. Palm, W.J. Parton, E.T. Elliott, and S.D. Frey. 1994. Comparison of laboratory and modeling simulation methods for estimating soil carbon pools in tropical forest soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 26 :935-944. 701
Ojima, D.S., W.J. Parton, D.S. Schimel, and C.E. Owensby. 1990. Simulated impacts of annual burning on prairie ecosystems. Pages 118-132 in S.L. Collins and L.L. Wallace, editors. Fire in North American tallgrass prairies. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma, USA. 601
Ojima, D.S., W.J. Parton, D.S. Schimel, T.G.F. Kittel, and J.M.O. Scurlock. 1993. Modeling the effects of climatic and CO2 changes on grassland storage of soil C. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 70 :643-657. 664
Ojima, D.S., B.O.M. Dirks, E.P. Glenn, C.E. Owensby, and J.M.O. Scurlock. 1993. Assessment of C budget for grasslands and drylands of the world. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 70 :95-109. 663
Ojima, D.S., D.S. Schimel, W.J. Parton, and C.E. Owensby. 1994. Long- and short-term effects of fire on nitrogen cycling in tallgrass prairie. Biogeochemistry 24 :67-84. 687
Ojima, D.S., W.J. Parton, M.B. Coughenour, J.M.O. Scurlock, T. Kirchner, T.G.F. Kittel, D.O. Hall, D.S. Schimel, E. Garcia Moya, T.G. Gilmanov, T.R. Seastedt, Apinan Kamnalrut, J.I. Kinyamario, S.P. Long, J-C. Menaut, O.E. Sala, R.J. Scholes, and J.A. van Veen. 1996. Impact of climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide changes on grasslands of the world. Pages 271-311 in A.I. Breymeyer, D.O. Hall, J.M. Melillo, and G.I. Ågren editors. Global change: effects on coniferous forests and grasslands. Scope volume 56. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, West Sussex, England. 790
Ojima, D.S., W.J. Parton, D.S. Schimel, and C.E. Owensby. Simulating the long-term impact of burning on C, N, and P cycling in a tallgrass prairie. Pages 353-370 in G. Giovannozzi-Sermanni and P. Nannipieri, editors. Current perspectives in environmental biogeochemistry. C.N.R.-I.P.R.A., Viterbo, Italy. 494
Parfitt, R.L., B.K.G. Theng, J.S. Whitton, and T.G. Shepherd. 1996. Effects of clay minerals and land use on organic matter pools. Geoderma (in press).
Parfitt, R.L. 1995. Simulation of changes in soil organic matter and nutrient pools using the Century model for 1)the Puruki catchment and the Purutaka catchment for the last 85 years 2)Woodhill AK287. Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research, PB 11052, Palmerston North.
Parton, W.J., D.W. Anderson, C.V. Cole, J.W.B. Stewart. 1983. Simulation of soil organic matter formation and mineralization in semiarid ecosystems. In: Nutrient cycling in agricultural ecosystems, R.R. Lowrance, R.L. Todd, L.E. Asmussen and R.A. Lenard (eds.). The University of Georgia, College of Agriculture Experiment Stations, Special Publ. No. 23, Athens, Georgia.
Parton, W.J., D.S. Schimel, C.V. Cole, and D.S. Ojima. 1987. Analysis of factors controlling soil organic matter levels in Great Plains grasslands. Soil Science Society of America Journal 51 :1173-1179. 465
Parton, W.J., J.W.B. Stewart, and C.V. Cole. 1988. Dynamics of C, N, P and S in grassland soils: a model. Biogeochemistry 5 :109-131. 472
Parton, W.J., C.V. Cole, J.W.B. Stewart, D.S. Ojima, and D.S. Schimel. 1989. Simulating regional patterns of soil C, N, and P dynamics in the U.S. central grasslands region. Pages 99-108 in M. Clarholm and L. Bergström, editors. Ecology of arable lands. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands. 546
Parton, W.J., B. McKeown, V. Kirchner, and D.S. Ojima. 1992. CENTURY Users Manual. Colorado State University, NREL Publication, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
Parton, W.J., D.S. Ojima, D.S. Schimel, and T.G.F. Kittel. 1992. Development of simplified ecosystem models for applications in Earth system studies: the CENTURY experience. Pages 281-302 in D.S. Ojima, editor. Earth system modeling. Proceedings from the 1990 Global Change Institute on Earth System Modeling, Snowmass, Colorado, USA. 689
Parton, W.J., J.M.O. Scurlock, D.S. Ojima, T.G. Gilmanov, R.J. Scholes, D.S. Schimel, T. Kirchner, J-C. Menaut, T. Seastedt, E. Garcia Moya, Apinan Kamnalrut, and J.L. Kinyamario. 1993. Observations and modeling of biomass and soil organic matter dynamics for the grassland biome worldwide. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 7 :785-809. 672
Parton, W. J., and P. E. Rasmussen. 1994. Long-term effects of crop management in wheat/fallow: II. CENTURY model simulations. Soil Science Society of America Journal 58 :530-536. 694
Parton, W.J., D.S. Schimel, and D.S. Ojima. 1994. Environmental change in grasslands: assessment using models. Climatic Change 28 :111-141. 696
Parton, W.J., D.S. Schimel, D.S. Ojima, and C.V. Cole. 1994. A general model for soil organic matter dynamics: sensitivity to litter chemistry, texture and management. Pages 147-167 in R.B. Bryant and R.W. Arnold, editors. Quantitative modeling of soil forming processes. SSSA Spec. Publ. 39. ASA, CSSA and SSA, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 695
Parton, W.J., P.L. Woomer, and A. Martin. 1994. Modelling soil organic matter dynamics and plant productivity in tropical ecosystems. Pages 171-188 in P.L. Woomer and M.J. Swift, editors. The biological management of tropical soil fertility. TSBF/John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York, USA. 741
Parton, W.J., J.M.O. Scurlock, D.S. Ojima, D.S. Schimel, D.O. Hall, M.B. Coughenour, E. Garcia Moya, T.G. Gilmanov, Apinan Kamnalrut, J.I. Kinyamario, T. Kirchner, T.G.F. Kittel, J-C. Menaut, O.E. Sala, R.J. Scholes, and J.A. van Veen. 1995. Impact of climate change on grassland production and soil carbon worldwide. Global Change Biology 1:13-22. 717
Parton, W.J., D.S. Ojima, and D.S. Schimel. 1996. Models to evaluate soil organic matter storage and dynamics. Pages 421-448 in M.R. Carter and B.A. Stewart, editors. Structure and organic matter storage in agricultural soils. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, USA. 740
Parton, W.J. 1996. Ecosystem model comparison: science or fantasy world. Pages 133-142 in D.S. Powlson, P. Smith, and J.U. Smith, editors. Evaluation of soil organic matter models using existing long-term datasets. NATO ASI Series I, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
Parton, W.J. 1996. The CENTURY model. Pages 283-293 in D.S. Powlson, P. Smith, and J.U. Smith, editors. Evaluation of soil organic matter models using existing long-term datasets. NATO ASI Series I, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany. 759
Parton, W.J., M.B. Coughenour, J.M.O. Scurlock, D.S. Ojima, T.G. Gilmanov, R.J. Scholes, D.S. Schimel, T. Kirchner, J-C. Menaut, T.R. Seastedt, E. Garcia Moya, A. Kamnalrut, J.I. Kinyamario and D.O. Hall. 1996. Global grassland ecosystem modelling: development and test of ecosystem models for grassland systems. Pages 229-266 in A.I. Breymeyer, D.O. Hall, J.M. Melillo, and G.I. Ågren editors. Global change: effects on coniferous forests and grasslands. Scope volume 56. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, West Sussex, England. 789
Patwardhan, A.S., R.V. Chinnaswamy, A.S. Donigian, Jr., A.K. Metherell, R.L. Blevins, W.W. Frye, and K. Paustian. Application of the century soil organic matter model to a field site in Lexington, Kentucky. Proceedings of International Symposium on Soil Processes and Management Systems: Green House Gas Emissions and Carbon Sequestration. Ohio State University, April 5-9, 1993. Advances in Soil Science (in press)
Paustian, K., O. Andrén, M. Clarholm, A.C. Hansson, G. Johansson, J. Lagerlöf, T. Lindberg, R. Pettersson, and B. Sohlenius. 1990. Carbon and nitrogen budgets of four agro-ecosystems with annual and perennial crops, with and without N fertilization. Journal of Applied Ecology 27 :60-84.
Paustian, K, W.J. Parton, and J. Persson. 1992. Modeling soil organic matter in organic-amended and nitrogen-fertilized long-term plots. Soil Science Society of America Journal 56 :476-488. 642
Paustian, K, E.T. Elliott, G.A. Peterson, and K. Killian. 1996. Modelling climate, CO and management impacts on soil carbon in semi-arid agroecosystems. Plant and Soil 187 :351-365.
Paustian, K. Computer Modeling. Encyclopedia of Soil Science (submitted).
Probert, M.E., B.A. Keating, J.P. Thompson, and W.J. Parton. 1995. Modelling water, nitrogen, and crop yield for a long-term fallow management experiment. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 35 :941-950.
Rasmussen, P.E., and W.J. Parton. 1994. Long-term effects of residue management in wheat/fallow: I. Inputs, yield, and soil organic matter. Soil Science Society of America Journal 58 :523-530. 694
Ryan, M.G., R.E. McMurtrie, G.I. Ågren, E.R. Hunt Jr., J.D. Aber, A.D. Friend, E.B. Rastetter, and W.M. Pulliam. 1996. Comparing models of ecosystem function for temperate conifer forests. II. Simulations of the effect of climate change. Pages 263-387 in A.I. Breymeyer, D.O. Hall, J.M. Melillo, and G.I. Ågren editors. Global change: effects on coniferous forests and grasslands. Scope volume 56. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, West Sussex, England.
Sanford, R.L. Jr., W.J. Parton, D.S. Ojima, and D.J. Lodge. 1991. Hurricane effects on soil organic matter dynamics and forest production in the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico: results of simulation modeling. Biotropica 23 :364-372. 630
Schimel, D.S., W.J. Parton, T.G.F. Kittel, D.S. Ojima, and C.V. Cole. 1990. Grassland biogeochemistry: links to atmospheric processes. Climatic Change 17 :13-25. 592
Schimel, D.S., T.G.F. Kittel, and W.J. Parton. 1991. Terrestrial biogeochemical cycles: global interactions with the atmosphere and hydrology. Tellus 43AB :188-203. 620
Schimel, D.S., T.G.F. Kittel, D.S. Ojima, F. Giorgi, A. Metherell, R.A. Pielke, C.V. Cole, and J.G. Bromberg. Sustainable land management for the 21st century. Sustainable Land Management for the 21st Century, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada, June 1993 (submitted).
Schimel, D.S., B.H. Braswell, E.A. Holland, R. McKeown, D.S. Ojima, T.H. Painter, W.J. Parton, and A.R. Townsend. 1994. Climatic, edaphic, and biotic controls over storage and turnover of carbon in soils. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 8 :279-293. 710
Schimel, D.S., B.H. Braswell, R. McKeown, D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, and W. Pulliam. 1996. Climate and nitrogen controls on the geography and timescales of terrestrial biogeochemical cycling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 10 :677-692.
Seastedt, T.R., C.C. Coxwell, D.S. Ojima, and W.J. Parton. 1994. Controls of plant and soil carbon in a semihumid temperate grassland. Ecological Applications 4 :344-353.
Smith, P., J.U. Smith, D.S. Powlson, J.R.M. Arah, O.G. Chertov, K. Coleman, U. Franko, S. Frolking, H.K. Gunnewick, D.S. Jenkinson, L.S. Jensen, R.H. Kelly, A.S. Komarov, C. Li, J.A.E. Molina, T. Mueller, W.J. Parton, J.H.M. Thornley, and A.P. Whitmore. A comparison of the performance of nine soil organic matter models using datasets from seven long-term experiments. Geoderma 1758 (in press).
Togtohyn, C., D.S. Ojima, J. Luvsandorjiin, J. Dodd, and S. Williams. 1996. Simulation studies of grazing in the Mongolian Steppe. Pages 561-562 in Rangelands in a sustainable biosphere. Proceedings of the Fifth International Rangeland Congress, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
VEMAP, et al., J.M. Melillo, J. Borchers, J. Chaney, H. Fisher, S. Fox, A. Haxeltine, A. Janetos, D.W. Kicklighter, T.G.F. Kittel, A.D. McGuire, R. McKeown, R. Neilson, R. Nemani, D.S. Ojima, T. Painter, Y. Pan, W.J. Parton, L. Pierce, L. Pitelka, C. Prentice, B. Rizzo, N.A. Rosenbloom, S. Running, D.S. Schimel, S. Sitch, T. Smith, and I. Woodward. 1995. Vegetation/ecosystem modeling and analysis project: comparing biogeography and biogeochemistry models in a continental-scale study of terrestrial ecosystem responses to climate change and CO2 doubling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 9 :407-437. 743
Vitousek, P.M., D.R. Turner, W.J. Parton, and R.L. Sanford. 1994. Litter decomposition on the Mauna Loa environmental matrix, Hawai'i: patterns, mechanisms, and models. Ecology 75 :418-429. 706
Wedin, D.A. and D. Tilman. 1996. Influence of nitrogen loading and species composition on the carbon balance of grasslands. Science 274 :1720-1723.
Xiao, X., D.S. Ojima, and W.J. Parton. Long-term dynamics of Aneurolepidium chine se and Stipa grandis steppe ecosystems: simulation of CENTURY model. Researches on Grassland Ecosystems (submitted).
Xiao, X., D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, and C. Zuozhong. 1993. Regional ecosystem database of Inner Mongolia, China. Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Geographical Information Systems, Beijing, China, August 20-23.
Xiao, X., D.S. Ojima, W.J. Parton, and Z. Chen. 1996. Modeling of soil organic matter dynamics in eastern Inner Mongolia. Pages 618-619 in Rangelands in a sustainable biosphere. Proceedings of the Fifth International Rangeland Congress, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.